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Tet 2017

Beauty cultural identity of ethnic Hmong in Ha Giang

Come to Dong Van Plateau majestic visitors will experience and discover a lot of interesting things in life unique culture, customs, traditions and culture unique traditional ethnic H’Mong .The H’mong are an ethnic minority in the populous northern Vietnam. Along with 53 ethnic groups, the Hmong are always a part of the unified bloc of national unity and contribute to enriching the culture of the peoples of Vietnam.

Beauty cultural identity of ethnic Hmong in Ha Giang 1

H’Mong ethnic people, a people who have many different names such as Meo, Mieu Ha, Man Trang including Mong Trang, Mong Hoa, Mong Do, Mong Den, Mong Xanh, Na Meo with their own lives are made Hilly, maize, rice, barley.

H’Mong Ha Giang outside paddy farming also cattle, pigs, chickens, horses and horse-drawn transport is very effective on rocky uplands. The horse is very close and dear to each family H’Mong. Besides, they also developed a variety of crafts such as wicker, wrought, making horse saddles, furniture, especially in the container, paper copies, jewelry silverware to serve the needs and tastes of people. The H’Mong craftsmen mostly semi-professional craftsmen make the famous products like plowshares, the barrel, the wooden containers.

Fellow with the phrase “Where the fire to H’Mong according to which” or “The chasing Princess” to talk about the nomadic cultivation. The main agricultural products are corn, rice, potatoes, three-corner circuit, the course, peanuts, sesame, beans, and vegetables … in some places have terraces. The types of apples, peaches, plums, pears are also very popular and people also grow medicinal plants both as ventricular, cross frame, ensuring invasion …

Beauty cultural identity of ethnic Hmong in Ha Giang 2

The H’mong live clustered in each of a few dozen rooftops, they often prefer to live closed, many people head horizontal stone wall around the house. Home is the kind of bungalows, three two bottles, with two or three doors. Popular is undiminished cork boards or walls, thatched roofs. Surrounding villages remain today the home of H’mong rich, surrounding walls, pine columns on the rock shaped lantern or pumpkin, tiled roof with guard boarded.

Linen weaving is one of the unique production of H’mong. They grow a variety of crafts such as wicker, wrought, making horse saddles, furniture, especially in the container; make paper copies, jewelry silverware to serve the needs and tastes of people. The H’mong craftsmen mostly semi-professional workers, as the famous product as plowshares, knives, hoes, shovels, gun high technical qualifications.The Hmong people live in areas often have fair functioned as an exchange of goods, both a place to show the need for emotional exchanges and activities. The H’mong are familiar with riding horses and grocery goods, baskets have two shoulder straps. Love Market is held once a year is a pretty unique culture of the H’mong.

The H’mong popular boarding house or wall Lowland bamboo, thatched roof. The food was stored on the floor upstairs. Some places have food storage at home next door. And in the high mountains, each house has a separate premises separated by high stone walls ratings nearly 2 meters.

Beauty cultural identity of ethnic Hmong in Ha Giang 3

H’mong, as well as much other minority religious pluralism, existed. Ancestor worship is the worship of the family who had died three generations back. Ancestor worship in all families who have sons to live separately, not just adults. Besides ancestor worship, H’mong survived a ghost house system with separate worship rituals.

Hmong very respected family, they conceived: People along the line they are the brothers have the same ancestors, can lay and die in the same house, to always help each other, embracing each other. Each resident family gathered into clusters, with one chief task they undertake together. Etiquette prohibited same people they were married. Emotional attachment between people in them deeply. Chief of them are reputable, the respected family believed hear.

The marriage of H’mong family practices freely chooses their partner. Those along the line they do not marry. Young men and women are choosing a mate. Choosing a mate is manifested in continuous “robbery wife” before. The young man with friends robbed the girl in his love for a few days and informed the girl’s family said. Spouses Hmong little put together, they live together in harmony, and do business, and to rely on, to market …

Beauty cultural identity of ethnic Hmong in Ha Giang 4

Costumes of H’mong very colorful, varied between ethnic groups, including dresses, overalls shirt chest sawed back, front cover abdominal Siamese Plate, belt, scarf wrapped head, leg wrappings two bellies. Conical skirt, pleated wide spread cross in the square, but bearing tubular skirt, wearing new outer waist pleated waistband; Austria open angling to the left chest, install a snap, arm, collar, shirt bears were embroidered motifs … jewelry including earrings, necklaces, bracelets, anklets, rings. and by the skillful hands of the girl, the aunt, the aunt, women make up the colorful culture own culture, sophistication, and originality.

Costumes of H’mong men like men Nung: long pants, stopping tobacco is lame leggings, wide-neck short sleeve stand pipe installation eviscerate buttons, clothes are indigo.

Painting with wax, dye indigo is a way to create the unique pattern of H’mong or Dao. Woman using a molten wax marking pen to draw on the patterns on white linen sheets. The drawing was done, the cloth was dyed indigo repeatedly until pleasant black. Then they brought cloth dipped in hot water to melt wax, leaving a white pattern on the indigo blue background.

Beauty cultural identity of ethnic Hmong in Ha Giang 5

The H’mong have cultural life abundant, especially oral literature has many genres, like the mythical story about cultural heroes find and teach H’mong varietal planting corn, rice planting flax fabric wear … Fairy tales about animals occupy quite a lot, especially the stories about the tiger …

During festive occasions, especially Assembly Gau Tao (New Year), the folk songs are not only reflected in words but also expressing through the traditional instruments (flute, panpipe, reed, above the lips …). Youth enjoys playing pan and blew the medium of dance. The reed, lip above the means for youth exchange sentiments. After a tiring working day, young people use praise, above the lips and express language to convey his heart with your love, praise the beauty of life, the homeland, and the country.

H’mong ethnic folk captivated him, that voice is love (Gau plegh), Singing marriage (Gau down) … but they usually sing when shifting labor, while spinning and weaving, in While shopping, go Assembly.

54 ethnic communities in Vietnam, H’mong are one of the minority disappear over the traditional cultural identity of peoples. In the international integration period as at present, to develop without being dissolved, lost identity, the preservation of national culture requires study, dedication, persistence and long-term. Having such cultural values will forever be preserved and promoted.
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